Daffodil Culture & Classification

Daffodil Culture                                                                                         



1. Please open package and bulb bags immediately. Store in a cool place until planted.

2. Flower Colour: At the time of flowering, climatic conditions and adaptive success to its new home may affect the colour intensity. In most areas pinks may open a yellow or greenish colour, the pink colour intensifies as the bloom matures. Reverse bi-colours frequently open all yellow, the cup turning white with bloom maturity. Many red cups develop colour and size also with maturity. It is important for customers ordering for the first time to be aware of the above information.

3. Fertilizer: Use with caution, especially organic and commercial fertilizers high in nitrogen. Applications of well-rotted compost are beneficial.

4. Planting: When weather cools, plant as soon as possible, generally March-April to establish a well developed root system before winter.

5. How to Plant: Choose a well-drained area, not in deep shade. Soil should be deeply worked prior to planting. Open a trench or hole to a depth of 6 to 8 inches, allowing for covering the bulbs with 4 to 6 inches of soil. Plant 6 to 8 inches apart, the latter is preferable when bulbs are left down for several years.

    Moisture is essential during the growing season, particularly before flowering. A mulch will keep down weeds, retain moisture and prevent blooms from being spattered with dirt during wet weather.



All care is taken in the growing and handling of our bulbs, but due to soil and climatic conditions and factors beyond our control, we cannot accept responsibility for

partial, or total crop failure. If the purchaser doesn’t accept the bulbs sold on these terms, we request they be returned to us, within 7 days of receipt.



Daffodils are classified into 13. distinct divisions. This is largely determined by the length of the Petals (perianth) and the cup (corona). They are as follows.


Div: 1.   TRUMPET DAFFODILS. One flower to a stem. The trumpet is as long or longer than the length of the petals. This is normally obvious, but should be measured for show purposes.

Div: 2.   LARGE CUP DAFFODILS. One flower to a stem. The cup is more than 1/3, but less than the length of the petals.

Div: 3.   SMALL CUP DAFFODILS. One flower to a stem. The cup is not more than 1/3, the length of the petals.

Div: 4.   DOUBLE DAFFODILS. One or more flowers to a stem, with doubling of the cup or petals or both. Double daffodils are similar in appearance to a rose or camellia flower.

Div: 5.   TRIANDRUS DAFFODILS. Usually two or more pendent flowers to a stem. Petals reflexed. (swept backwards ).

Div: 6.   CYCLAMINEUS DAFFODILS. One flower to a stem, petals reflexed ( swept backwards ).The flowers are at an acute angle to the stem, with a very short neck.

Div: 7.   JONQUILLA DAFFODILS. One to five flowers per stem. Petals spreading or reflexed. The cup is funnel shaped or flared, and is usually wider than it is long. Flowers are usually fragrant.

Div: 8.   TAZETTA DAFFODILS. Usually three to twenty flowers to a stout stem. Petals are spreading, but not reflexed. Flowers are usually fragrant.

Div: 9.   POETICUS DAFFODILS. Commonly referred to as “Pheasants eye”. One flower to a stem. Pure white petals, with a short, disc shaped cup. The cup usually has a green and / or yellow centre, with a red rim, although the cup can be one colour. Flowers are usually fragrant.

Div: 10. BULBICODIUM DAFFODILS. Commonly referred to as “Hooped petticoats”. Usually one flower to a stem. Petals are very small and spikey and insignificant, compared to the dominant cup.

Div: 11. SPLIT CORONA DAFFODILS. This is a flower where the cup is split, for more than half it’s length, and in most cases, will lie flat against the petals. There are many variations of these, and should not be confused with a large flat cup flower. The key being, the cup splits into separate segments.

Div: 12. OTHER DAFFODILS. These are flowers that will normally have characteristics of more than one of the above divisions. An example of this would be a multi-headed cyclamineus.

Div: 13. Daffodils distinguished solely by botanical name, or species.  


Daffodils have colour codes to describe the petals and cup. The main colours are as follows.


White or whitish     W                    Yellow      Y

Pink                            P                     Red          R

Orange                      O                     Green      G


When describing a flower, the first colour is the petals, and the next colour(s) are the cup. Example: A flower with white petals and a pink trumpet is a Division  1 W-P. A poeticus daffodil with white petals, a green eye, yellow cup with a red rim is a Division  9 W-GYR.


Flowers named but not yet registered are followed by a seedling number e.g. Apogee — (5-76).


E = Early   M = Mid Season   L = Late flowering


Due to circumstances beyond our control colours in some photographs are not always a true representation.